“Let us not confuse ourselves by failing to recognize that there are two kinds of self-confidence—one a trait of personality and another that comes from knowledge of a subject. It is no particular credit to the educator to help build the first without building the second. The objective of education is not the production of self-confident fools.”
– Albert Bandura
Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control, p.65
Albert Bandura was an influential social cognitive psychologist who is best known for his social learning theory, the concept of self-efficacy, and his famous Bobo doll experiments. He was Professor Emeritus at Stanford University and is widely regarded as one of the greatest living psychologists. A 2002 survey ranked him as the fourth most influential psychologist of the twentieth century, behind only B.F. Skinner, Sigmund Freud, and Jean Piaget. He passed away earlier this year at the age of 95.